System of evaluation of pupils during the college
Generally in most advanced schooling institutions all over the world, they normally use a system that is four-point assessing students’ knowledge, abilities and abilities: “excellent”, “good”, “satisfactory” and “unsatisfactory”.
Understanding the concept of points
The assessment “excellent” deserves a pupil who may have discovered comprehensive, systematic and deep knowledge, the capacity to separately perform the tasks given by this system, knowledgeable about the primary and extra literary works, recommended by the program. Such an evaluation also requires the mastering associated with relationship involving the fundamental concepts of discipline and their significance when it comes to acquired occupation.
The evaluation “good” sets the pupil that has learned the educational and system material in complete, successfully fulfills this program’s tasks, worked out of the literature that is main by the program. That is, students that has shown the systematic nature of discipline knowledge and it is effective at self-replenishment and upgrading in the act of further educational work and activity that is professional.
The grades “satisfactory” deserve a student that has found the data regarding the fundamental material that is educational the degree required for further training and future work with a career, effective at doing the tasks given to because of the system, acquainted with the key literature recommended by this program. As being a guideline, this evaluation is presented to students who have made flaws within the reply to the exam plus in the performance associated with exam projects, but have actually demonstrated the capability to expel them.
The evaluation is “unsatisfactory” when it comes to student who has got understanding of gaps which includes generated fundamental mistakes into the utilization of the tasks given to because of the program, that is, students that is not able to carry on education or start professional activities after graduation without additional trained in the discipline that is relevant.
Shortcomings of four-point assessment system and rating system
A four-way system for assessing pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities calls for significant improvement or replacement. Its main disadvantages are: insufficient motivation when it comes to perseverance of academic and cognitive activity, as it centers on acquiring no less than knowledge (“made up” – “did not make up”); created for the reproduction of knowledge and thinking (in sessional conditions, quickly accumulated information quickly “weathered”); subjectivity into the assessment of student’s knowledge; inconsistency utilizing the school system, which students used as former pupils, etc.
Combined with the four-point old-fashioned system of evaluation of pupils’ knowledge, the rating system of evaluation, that will be in line with the accumulation of grades for a specific amount of research (module, semester, 12 months, whole term of training) for an extensive educational and cognitive activity, is starting to become ever more popular. The sum of the these assessments functions as a quantitative indicator regarding the quality of academic and intellectual task for the student when compared with the successes of their other students.
The score system for evaluating pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities is based on pay for an essay the following principles:
- each discipline that is academic the student’s focus on its mastering is evaluated into the credit units, the quantity of that will be based on the rating;
- the record associated with pupil’s present work needs to be held, that is mirrored within the last assessment (in the devices of credits);
- the peculiarities of teaching subjects that are differentcomplexity, need for discipline within the curriculum) are taken into consideration, this is certainly, the complexity factor (significance);
- accessibility to different sorts of control (outgoing, present, intermediate, final);
The student score for the semester or year is defined as the normal arithmetic associated with rating for every single control.
To make usage of a rating system for evaluating students’ knowledge, particular conditions are very important: the readiness of teachers and students to perceive them; proper organizational and support that is methodological in specific, independent work of students is obligatory; introduction of modular training; work accounting by means of special tables; application of written verification of real information, etc.